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How many years did Axum empire last?
The Kingdom of Axum was a trading empire with its hub in Eritrea and northern Ethiopia. It existed approximately 100–940 AD, growing from the Iron Age proto-Axumite period c. fourth century BC to achieve prominence by the first century AD.
Was Axum ruled by a king?
Aksum embraced the Orthodox tradition of Christianity in the 4th century (c. 340–356 C.E.) under the rule of King Ezana. The king had been converted by Frumentius, a former Syrian captive who was made Bishop of Aksum.
Who ruled the Axum empire?
Aksum reached its peak under the leadership of King Ezana who ruled from around 325 CE to 360 CE. During this time, Aksum expanded its territory and became a major trade center. It was under King Ezana that Aksum conquered the Kingdom of Kush, destroying the city of Meroe. King Ezana also converted to Christianity.
How long did King Ezana rule?
Christianity was first introduced in Ethiopia during the fourth century by King Ezana (Abraha), one of the most popular kings of Axumite Kingdom. King Ezana ruled between 330 and 356 AD. He inherited the throne following the death of his father.
Why did the Aksum Empire fall?
The kingdom of Axum went in decline from the late 6th century CE, perhaps due to overuse of agricultural land or the incursion of western Bedja herders who, forming themselves into small kingdoms, grabbed parts of Aksum territory for grazing their cattle and who persistently attacked Axum’s camel caravans.
What caused the fall of Aksum?
Civil wars threatened Aksumite power in the Horn of Africa. Extensive land use that was necessary for the required high level of food production for the kingdom’s large population, and probable heavier rains caused degradation of the fertile soil, which further contributed to the downfall of Aksum.
Why did the Aksum empire fall?
What country did King Ezana rule?
Ezana (Ge’ez: ዒዛና ‘Ezana, unvocalized ዐዘነ ‘zn; also spelled Aezana or Aizan) was ruler of the Kingdom of Axum, an ancient kingdom located in what is now Eritrea and Ethiopia. (320s – c. 360 AD). He himself employed the style (official title) “king of Saba and Salhen, Himyar and Dhu-Raydan”.
Why was Aksum so powerful?
The kingdom of Aksum was able to develop a strong naval military because of its large population, powerful weapons, and control over the Red Sea. Its powerful military allowed for Aksum to expand their frontiers and patrol their trade routes.
What is Aksum famous for?
The Kingdom of Aksum is notable for a number of achievements, such as its own alphabet, the Ge’ez alphabet. Under Emperor Ezana, Aksum adopted Christianity, which gave rise to the present-day Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahdo Church.
How did Aksum end?
Later the Mediterranean trade of Aksum was ended by the encroachment of the Arabs in the 7th and 8th centuries. Gradually, Aksumite power shifted internally to the Agau (Agaw, or Agew) people, whose princes shaped a new Christian line in the Zagwe dynasty of the 12th–13th century.