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What did Samuel Hearne discover?

What did Samuel Hearne discover?

Samuel Hearne was the first European to travel by land across the Arctic from the east coast to the Arctic Ocean. He took part in three expeditions to the Canadian Arctic to discover the Northwest Passage, greatly increasing European knowledge of the Arctic climate, and resident Inuit and Dene in the process.

When did Samuel Hearne stop exploring?

Hearne returned to Hudson Bay a year later to resume his activities, but retired in 1787, in declining health. Back in England, he worked on the memoir of his great trip, entitled A Journey to the Northern Ocean. He tried to find a publisher, but died three years before the book was published.

Who was the first European to reach the shores of the Arctic Ocean?

Samuel Hearne
Samuel Hearne (1745-1792) was sent on three attempts to discover the river and its mine, and in the course of his travels he mapped a large portion of the Canadian interior and closely observed the lives of the tribes living there.

Did Samuel Hearne have a family?

Samuel Hearne (1745-1792) was an English explorer who surveyed the Coppermine River, discovered the “Northern Ocean,” and searched for the Northwest Passage. Samuel Hearne was born in London, the son of Samuel and Diana Hearne. Upon his father’s death in 1750 the family moved to Beaminster in Dorsetshire.

What is Samuel Hearnes full name?

Samuel Hearne (February 1745 – November 1792) was an English explorer, fur-trader, author, and naturalist. He was the first European to make an overland excursion across northern Canada to the Arctic Ocean, actually Coronation Gulf, via the Coppermine River.

When was Samuel Hearne born?

February 1745
Samuel Hearne/Date of birth

What countries are exploring the Arctic?

Eight countries extend into the Arctic: Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Canada and the USA (Alaska).

Who went to the Arctic first?

The first undisputed expedition to reach the North Pole was that of the airship Norge, which overflew the area in 1926 with 16 men on board, including expedition leader Roald Amundsen.

Who traveled with Samuel Hearne?

His friend William Wales was a teacher at Christ’s Hospital and he assisted Hearne to write A Journey from Prince of Wales’s Fort in Hudson’s Bay to the Northern Ocean. This was published in 1795, three years after Hearne’s death of dropsy in November 1792 at the age of 47.

Where was Samuel Hearne born?

London, United Kingdom
Samuel Hearne/Place of birth

Which country is closest to the Arctic?

Today, Denmark (Greenland), Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Canada, Iceland and the USA each have territory that lies within the Arctic Circle.

Which country is in the Arctic?

How many countries does the Arctic cover? The Arctic region covers parts of eight countries: Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, and the United States. These countries promote collaboration, coordination, and interaction via an intergovernmental forum called the Arctic Council.