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What is saturated liquid and saturated vapour?

What is saturated liquid and saturated vapour?

Saturated liquid refers to a state where all the water is in the liquid phase and saturated vapor refers to a state where all the water is in the gaseous phase.

What is saturated unsaturated vapour?

vapour which is in equilibrium with its own liquid is called a saturated vapour. If space contains vapours less than the maximum amount it can hold at the given temperature, it is said to be unsaturated. Saturated vapour pressure is independent of volume but increases with increase in temperature.

What is saturated vapour in refrigeration?

Saturation occurs in both the evaporator and condenser since phase changes experiencing both liquid and vapor are present here. At saturation, the liquid is experiencing its maximum temperature for that pressure, and the vapor is experiencing its minimum temperature for that pressure.

Can liquid be saturated?

Saturated liquid: A liquid that is about to vaporize. At 1 atm and 20°C, water exists in the liquid phase (compressed liquid). At 1 atm pressure and 100°C, water exists as a liquid that is ready to vaporize (saturated liquid). Saturated vapor: A vapor that is about to condense.

What does it mean if something is saturated?

1 : full of moisture : made thoroughly wet. 2a : being a solution that is unable to absorb or dissolve any more of a solute at a given temperature and pressure.

What is saturated vapour pressure of water?

The boiling point is defined as the temperature at which the saturated vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the surrounding atmospheric pressure. For water, the vapor pressure reaches the standard sea level atmospheric pressure of 760 mmHg at 100°C.

What is the saturated temperature?

The saturation temperature is the temperature for a corresponding saturation pressure at which a liquid boils into its vapor phase. If the pressure in a system remains constant (isobaric), a vapor at saturation temperature will begin to condense into its liquid phase as thermal energy (heat) is removed.

Is steam a saturated liquid?

If wet steam is heated further, the droplets evaporate, and at a high enough temperature (which depends on the pressure) all of the water evaporates, the system is in vapor–liquid equilibrium, and it becomes saturated steam. Saturated steam is advantageous in heat transfer due to the high latent heat of vaporization.

What is the difference between saturated steam and saturated water?

A liquid that is about to vaporize is called a saturated liquid. Once boiling starts, the temperature stops rising until the liquid is completely vaporized. Any heat loss from this vapor will cause some of the vapor to condense. A vapor that is about to condense is called a saturated vapor.

What are the five examples of saturated solutions?

Examples of Saturated Solutions

  • A soda is a saturated solution of carbon dioxide in water.
  • Adding chocolate powder to milk so that it stops dissolving forms a saturated solution.
  • Salt can be added to melted butter or oil to the point where the salt grains stop dissolving, forming a saturated solution.