Table of Contents
What occurs during a prophase?
During prophase, the complex of DNA and proteins contained in the nucleus, known as chromatin, condenses. The chromatin coils and becomes increasingly compact, resulting in the formation of visible chromosomes. The sister chromatids are pairs of identical copies of DNA joined at a point called the centromere.
What are 3 things that happen in metaphase?
Metaphase. Chromosomes line up at the metaphase plate, under tension from the mitotic spindle. The two sister chromatids of each chromosome are captured by microtubules from opposite spindle poles. In metaphase, the spindle has captured all the chromosomes and lined them up at the middle of the cell, ready to divide.
What does not happen during prophase?
Crossing over is the only answer choice that does not occur during mitosis. Crossing over occurs during prophase I of meiosis and involves swapping of genetic information between homologous chromosomes. This require the formation of tetrads, which does not occur during mitosis.
What are two daughter cells?
Key Takeaways. Daughter cells are cells that are the result of a single dividing parent cell. Two daughter cells are the final result from the mitotic process while four cells are the final result from the meiotic process. For organisms that reproduce via sexual reproduction, daughter cells result from meiosis.
What cell is in metaphase?
Metaphase is a stage in the cell cycle where all the genetic material is condensing into chromosomes. These chromosomes then become visible. During this stage, the nucleus disappears and the chromosomes appear in the cytoplasm of the cell.
How do you know if a cell is in prophase?
When you look at a cell in prophase under the microscope, you will see thick strands of DNA loose in the cell. If you are viewing early prophase, you might still see the intact nucleolus, which appears like a round, dark blob.
What event happens only in prophase 1?
During prophase I, the homologous chromosomes condense and become visible as the x shape we know, pair up to form a tetrad, and exchange genetic material by crossing over. During prometaphase I, microtubules attach at the chromosomes’ kinetochores and the nuclear envelope breaks down.
What is a daughter cell called?
After the fusion of two gametes, the zygote contains all the necessary genetic material for an entire organism, bundled into a single cell. This single parent cell is completely unspecified. The daughter cells it creates will also be very generalized. These cells are known as stem-cells.
Why is it called daughter cells?
Answer: So naturally organisms/cells capable of producing offspring are also given a feminine trait. The parent cell is often called the mother cell, and the daughter cells are so named because they eventually become mother cell themselves.
What are the stages of metaphase?
What are the stages of prophase 1?
Prophase I. Definition. Prophase I of meiosis I is a process that involves five different stages during which genetic material in the form of alleles crosses over and recombines to form non-identical haploid chromatids. Prophase I is the first stage of meiosis I, followed by prophase II, anaphase I, anaphase II, metaphase I and metaphase II.
What is the definition of prophase?
Prophase Definition. Prophase is the starting stage of cell division in eukaryotes. Prophase, in both mitosis and meiosis , is recognized by the condensing of chromosomes and separation of the centrioles in the centrosome.
Is prophase 2 in mitosis?
Prophase occurs in mitosis, and prophase I occurs in the first division of meiosis , meiosis I. Prophase II occurs in the second division of gametic cells, and is distinguished by the chromosomes condensing and the centrosome dividing to either side of the cell.
What is cell in prophase?
Prophase is the first stage of mitosis in animal cells, and the second stage of mitosis in plant cells. At the start of prophase there are two identical copies of each chromosome in the cell due to replication in interphase . These copies are referred to as sister chromatids and are attached by DNA element called the centromere .